Hanna-Barbera

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Hanna-Barbera
Hanna-Barbera 2002.jpg
Founded 1957
Dissolved 2001 (folded into Warner Bros. Animation)
President
Notable Works The Flintstones
The Yogi Bear Show
The Huckleberry Hound Show
The Jetsons
Top Cat
Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!
Josie and the Pussycats
Hong Kong Phooey
Jabberjaw
The Smurfs

Hanna-Barbera Productions was an animation company founded by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera.

Contents

History

Hanna and Barbera originally worked (as a team) for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's animation department; their most famous creation for that studio was Tom and Jerry. When MGM closed their animation department, Hanna and Barbera decided to start their own animation studio, producing cartoons for television. Their first series was The Ruff and Reddy Show (1957-1960), a "serialized" cartoon similar to Crusader Rabbit; their second series, The Huckleberry Hound Show (1958-1962), became popular enough to make them a household name.

At the very start of their studio, they managed to secure financing for their earliest projects from Screen Gems, the TV distribution arm of Columbia Pictures. After much negotiating, they sold Ruff and Reddy to NBC, but they could only get $2700 per half hour of cartoon (which were shown as features to live action host segments), meaning all the lavish detail afforded to Tom & Jerry had to be streamlined to the near bare bones. The series' appealing heroes and clever storylines compensated for the artistic liabilities. Ruff and Reddy was a modest success.

From the late 1950s to the early 1990s, Hanna-Barbera produced a huge volume of cartoons, mostly funny-animal fare, but also including adventure and mystery shows. Most of their cartoons featured limited animation, to facilitate rapid production; what the shows lacked in movement, they made up for in cleverness and/or humor (depending on the series). This limited animation has been termed "assembly line" production but has been critically derided as "illustrated radio." The studio did make two theatrical features in the 1960s, 1964's Hey, There...It's Yogi Bear! and 1966's The Man Called Flintstone.

The Huckleberry Hound Show was the studio's first major hit and it won them an Emmy (first of five). That show spawned Yogi Bear, the studio's first true superstar. Noticing that half the show's audience was adults, Hanna-Barbera considered doing a prime time cartoon for grown-ups. Seeing an artist's gag picture and taking a nod from Tex Avery's 1953 cartoon The First Bad Man, H-B produced a pilot for a show taking place in the stone age. It was called The Flagstones. There was a comic strip called Hi And Lois whose family name was The Flagstons already, so the name had to be changed. HB sold the show to ABC under its new name, The Flintstones. It wasn't a critical darling by any means, but by its own standards and given its six-year run (never cracking the Top 20), it was critic-proof. At first it paralleled Jackie Gleason's The Honeymooners so much that Gleason filed a plagiarism suit against Hanna-Barbera. The studio attempted to start up a series of theatrical animated short subjects, Loopy De Loop, in 1959. It lasted three years.

The studio focused on syndicated and prime time shows up until 1966 (at which point Columbia sold its interest in the studio to Taft Broadcasting), when the networks expanded their Saturday morning schedules. Hanna-Barbera became the go-to guys for Saturday morning, but due to the expanding schedules, the chew-'em-up-and-spit-'em-out atmosphere of TV and tight deadlines, many of their shows were plain anethema to critics, parents, the PTA and buffs of the Golden Age of Animation. Two prime time specials were made; they won an Emmy for a live action/animated take on the story Jack & The Beanstalk which starred and was produced by actor Gene Kelly. It aired on NBC in 1966. A year later they made Alice in Wonderland: Or, What's A Nice Kid Like You Doing In A Place Like This? for ABC.

In 1969, the studio created their third most popular star, Scooby-Doo. With his show Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! a big hit, H-B (and other studios) began populating Saturday morning with mystery-busting kids and smart aleck pets throughout the 1970s. The studio produced an animated adaptation of Charlotte's Web for theaters in 1973. It was their best reviewed animated theatrical feature. They dabbled in live-action once in awhile, winning an Emmy for their 1977 TV movie drama The Gathering, and making a forgettable family comedy fantasy, 1979's C.H.O.M.P.S.

In the 1980s, the H-B studio was in some financial straits and at one time sought the Filmation studio as a buyer. Filmation was hurting as well and was bought out (and closed down in 1988) by the cosmetics company L'Oreal. H-B kept on going. In the 1980s, they brought Peyo's The Smurfs to TV. In 1982 they produced their fourth theatrical animated feature, Heidi's Song. They made two other animated features for theaters afterwards--1990's The Jetsons: The Movie and 1992's Once Upon A Forest.

In the 1990s, Hanna-Barbera Productions was bought out by Turner Broadcasting, and its library of cartoons was eventually made part of Cartoon Network when that network launched in 1992. In 1996, Hanna-Barbera (as well as all Turner properties) were bought by Time Warner. The last H-B show made for Saturday morning was a TV version of the movie Dumb and Dumber. At that point with Warner Bros. now calling the shots to both Hollywood and Atlanta (Cartoon Network's broadcast home), the studio's focus was now on shows driven by their creators and screened on Cartoon Network. Genndy Tartakovsky's Dexter's Laboratory and Craig McCracken's The Powerpuff Girls were two of their biggest hits. In 2001, the studio shut down and was folded into Warner Bros. Animation, while Cartoon Network shows previously produced by H-B had their production taken over by the network's production division, Cartoon Network Studios. Bill Hanna died in 2001 followed by Joe Barbera's death in 2006.

Most shows produced by Hanna-Barbera are now distributed on TV by Warner Bros. Television (WBTV), with a few exceptions:

Hanna-Barbera Television series

Name From To Network Notes
The Ruff and Reddy Show 1957 1960 NBC Bridged with live-action segments
The Huckleberry Hound Show 1958 1961 Synd. Features: Yogi Bear, (seasons 1-3), Pixie & Dixie (seasons 1-4), Hokey Wolf (season 4)
Quick Draw McGraw 1959 1961 Synd. Features: Snooper & Blabber, Augie Doggie
The Flintstones 1960 1966 ABC
Top Cat 1961 1962 ABC
Yogi Bear 1961 1962 Synd. Features: Yakky Doodle, Snagglepuss
The Jetsons 1962 1963 ABC
The Hanna-Barbera New Cartoon Series 1962 1963 Synd. Features: Wally Gator, Touché Turtle, Lippy & Hardy
Jonny Quest 1963 1964 ABC
Magilla Gorilla 1964 1967 Synd. Features: Mushmouse & Punkinpuss, Ricochet Rabbit
Peter Potamus and His Magic Flying Balloon 1964 1967 Synd. Features: Breezly & Sneezly; Yippey, Yappey & Yahoohey
Atom Ant 1965 1966 NBC Features: Precious Pupp, The Hillbilly Bears
Secret Squirrel 1965 1966 NBC Features: Squiddly Diddly, Winsome Witch
Sinbad Jr. 1965 1966 Synd. In association with American International Television; second series (first series was made by Sam Singer in 1960 but not syndicated until 1965)
Frankenstein Jr. and The Impossibles 1966 1967 CBS
Space Ghost and Dino Boy 1966 1967 CBS New episodes made in 1980
Laurel & Hardy 1966 1967 Synd.
Abbott & Costello 1967 1968 Synd.
The Herculoids 1967 1968 CBS New episodes made in 1980
Shazzan 1967 1968 CBS
Moby Dick and the Mighty Mightor 1967 1968 CBS
The Fantastic Four 1967 1969 ABC In association with Marvel Comics
Wacky Races 1968 1969 CBS Co-credit: Heatter-Quigley Productions
The Banana Splits Adventure Hour 1968 1969 NBC Live/animated; features: The Arabian Knights, Danger Island (live action), The Three Musketeers, Micro Ventures
The New Adventures of Huck Finn 1968 1969 NBC Live/animated
The New Adventures of Gulliver 1968 1969 ABC
Dastardly and Muttley in Their Flying Machines 1969 1970 CBS Features: Wing Dings, Magnificent Muttley
The Perils of Penelope Pitstop 1969 1970 CBS
Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! 1969 1978 CBS/ABC
The Cattanooga Cats 1969 1970 ABC Features: It's The Wolf!, Around The World In 79 Days, Motormouse & Autocat
Where's Huddles? 1970 1970 CBS
Motormouse and Autocat 1970 1971 ABC originally segment of The Cattanooga Cats; segment: It's The Wolf!
Josie and the Pussycats 1970 1971 CBS In association with Radio Comics
The Harlem Globetrotters 1970 1971 CBS Copyright owned by CBS
Help! It's The Hair Bear Bunch! 1971 1972 CBS
The Funky Phantom 1971 1972 ABC First H-B show animated in Australia
The Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm Show 1971 1972 CBS
Wait Till Your Father Gets Home 1972 1974 Synd.
The Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan 1972 1973 CBS
The New Scooby-Doo Movies 1972 1973 CBS
Josie and the Pussycats in Outer Space 1972 1973 CBS In association with Radio Comics
The Flintstone Comedy Hour 1972 1973 CBS
The Roman Holidays 1972 1973 NBC
Sealab 2020 1972 1973 NBC
ABC Saturday Superstar Movie 1972 1973 ABC Selected features
Peter Puck 1973 1973 NBC Between-period interstitials for NBC's NHL telecasts
Jeannie 1973 1974 CBS In association with Screen Gems
Yogi's Gang 1973 1974 ABC
Speed Buggy 1973 1974 CBS
Inch High, Private Eye 1973 1974 NBC
Butch Cassidy 1973 1974 NBC
Goober and the Ghost Chasers 1973 1974 ABC
Super Friends 1973 1986 ABC In association with DC Comics; various titles throughout run
The Addams Family 1973 1974 NBC
Fumbles 1974 1974 NBC Where's Huddles character; between-halves interstitials for NBC's NFL telecasts
Hong Kong Phooey 1974 1975 ABC
Valley of the Dinosaurs 1974 1975 CBS
Partridge Family: 2200 A.D. 1974 1975 CBS In association with Screen Gems
Korg: 70,000 B.C. 1974 1975 ABC Live-action
These Are The Days 1974 1975 ABC
Devlin 1974 1975 ABC
Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch 1974 1975 NBC
The Tom & Jerry/Grape Ape Show 1975 1976 ABC
Jabberjaw 1976 1977 ABC
The Scooby-Doo/Dynomutt Hour 1976 1977 ABC Renamed "Show" after expansion to 90 minutes
Clue Club 1976 1977 CBS
Mumbly 1976 1977 ABC Incorporated into Tom & Jerry show
Space Ghost & Frankenstein Jr. 1977 1977 NBC repeats of CBS episodes
CB Bears 1977 1977 NBC Features: Undercover Elephant, Blast-Off Buzzard, Heyy! It's The King, Posse Impossible, Shake Rattle & Roll
Scooby's All-Star Laff-a-Lympics 1977 1978 ABC Features: Scooby Doo, Dynomutt, Laff-A-Lympics, Captain Caveman & The Teen Angels; renamed Scooby's All-Stars next season
The Skatebirds 1977 1978 CBS Features: Mystery Island (live action), Wonder Wheels, The Robonic Stooges, Woofer & Wimper: Dog Detectives
The Three Robonic Stooges 1978 1978 CBS Originally segment of The Skatebirds; feature: Woofer & Wimper: Dog Detectives
Go Go Globetrotters 1978 1978 NBC Umbrella title; features: Harlem Globetrotters, Motormouse & Autocat, The Herculoids, elements from CB Bears
The All-New Popeye Hour 1978 1980 CBS Features: Dinky Dog, Popeye's Treasure Hunt (1st season), Popeye's Sports Parade (2nd season); in association with King Features
Yogi's Space Race 1978 1978 NBC Features: Galaxy Goof-Ups, The Buford Files, The Galloping Ghost, Space Race
The Godzilla Power Hour 1978 1978 NBC Feature: Jana Of The Jungle
Galaxy Goof-Ups 1978 1979 NBC Originally segment of Yogi's Space Race
Buford and The Galloping Ghost 1978 1979 NBC Originally segments of Yogi's Space Race
The Hanna-Barbera Happy Hour 1978 1978 NBC live action/animated
Scooby & Scrappy-Doo 1979 1980 ABC
Casper & The Angels 1979 1979 NBC
The Super Globetrotters 1979 1979 NBC
The New Fred and Barney Show 1979 1979 NBC
Fred and Barney Meet The Thing 1979 1979 NBC In association with Marvel Comics; changed to "Shmoo" later in season)
The New Shmoo 1979 1979 NBC In association with United Features Syndicate
Fonz and the Happy Days Gang 1980 1981 ABC In association with Paramount Television
The Richie Rich/Scooby-Doo Show 1980 1982 ABC In association with Harvey Comics
Drak Pack 1980 1981 CBS
The Flintstone Comedy Show 1980 1981 NBC
Amigo & Friends 1980 1981 Synd. In association with Televisa
Laverne & Shirley 1981 1982 ABC In association with Paramount Television
The Kwicky Koala Show 1981 1982 CBS Features: The Bungle Brothers, Dirty Dawg, Crazy Claws
Trollkins 1981 1982 CBS
The Smurfs 1981 1989 NBC In association with Sepp International S.A.
The Popeye and Olive Comedy Show 1981 1982 CBS Features: Prehistoric Popeye, Private Oyl; in association with King Features
Space Stars 1981 1981 NBC Features: Astro & The Space Mutts, Space Ghost, The Herculoids; produced in 1980
The Little Rascals 1982 1983 ABC In association with King Features
Pac-Man 1982 1983 ABC In association with Bally Entertainment
Scooby-Doo/Puppy's New Adventures 1982 1983 ABC Co-produced by Ruby-Spears
Mork & Mindy 1982 1982 ABC Segment of Mork & Mindy/Laverne & Shirley/Fonz Hour; in association with Paramount Television
Flintstone Funnies 1982 1982 NBC
The Gary Coleman Show 1982 1982 NBC
The Shirt Tales 1982 1983 NBC In association with Hallmark
The Biskitts 1982 1983 CBS
Jokebook 1982 1982 NBC
Monchhichis 1983 1983 ABC
The New Scooby and Scrappy-Doo Show 1983 1984 ABC
The Dukes 1983 1983 CBS In association with Warner Bros. Television
Lucky Luke 1983 1984 For French television
Benji, Zax & The Alien Prince 1983 1983 CBS Live-action
The New Scooby-Doo Mysteries 1984 1985 ABC
The Jetsons 1984 1986 Synd. New episodes
The Snorks 1984 1984 NBC In association with Sepp International S.A.
Pink Panther & Sons 1984 1984 ABC In association with DePatie-Freleng and United Artists
The Legendary Super Powers Show 1985 1985 ABC In association with DC Comics
The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo 1985 1985 ABC
Yogi's Treasure Hunt 1985 1987 Synd.
Galtar & The Golden Lance 1985 1985 Synd.
The Berenstein Bears 1985 1986 CBS Co-produced with Southern Star Studios
The Paw-Paws 1985 1985 Synd.
The Flintstone Kids 1986 1987 ABC Feature: Dino's Dilemma
Wildfire 1986 1986 CBS
Challenge Of The GoBots 1986 1987 Synd.
Popeye and Son 1987 1987 CBS In association with King Features
Hanna-Barbera Superstars 10 1988 1988 Synd. Series of TV movies
A Pup Named Scooby-Doo 1988 1991 ABC
Yogi Bear 1988 1988 Synd. New episodes
Fantastic Max 1988 1988 Synd.
The New Adventures Of SuperTed 1988 1988 Synd.
The Completely Mental Misadventures of Ed Grimley 1988 1988 NBC
Skedaddle 1988 1988 Synd. Live-action game show; co-produced with Jay Wolpert Productions and Sunn Classic Pictures
Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventures 1990 1990 CBS In association with Orion Television
Rick Moranis In Gravedale High 1990 1990 NBC In association with NBC Productions
Tom & Jerry Kids Show 1990 1994 Fox Feature: Droopy & Dripple; in association with Turner Entertainment
Wake, Rattle and Roll 1990 1990 Synd. Features: Monster Tails, The Fender Bender 500
Don Coyote And Sancho Panda 1990 1991 Synd. In association with RAI Italia
The Midnight Patrol: Adventures In The Dream Zone 1990 1990 Synd. In association with the Sleepy Kid Co. Ltd.; known as Potsworth & Company overseas
Pirates Of Dark Water 1991 1993 Fox/ABC/Synd.
Jump, Rattle and Roll 1991 1992 Disney Channel retitled edition of Wake, Rattle and Roll
Yo, Yogi! 1991 1991 NBC
Capitol Critters 1992 1992 ABC In association with Steven Bochco Productions and 20th Century-Fox Television
Fish Police 1992 1992 CBS
Captain Planet & The Planeteers 1992 1993 Synd. Assumed production (originally produced by DiC)
The Addams Family 1992 1993 ABC Different than 1973 series
2 Stupid Dogs 1993 1995 Synd, Feature: Super Secret Secret Squirrel
SWAT Kats: The Radical Squadron 1993 1995 Synd.
Droopy, Master Detective 1993 1994 Fox Feature: Screwball Squirrel; in association with Turner Entertainment
The What A Cartoon Show 1995 2000 CN
Dumb and Dumber 1995 1996 ABC In association with New Line Pictures
Dexter's Laboratory 1996 2004 CN Cartoon Network assumes production 2002; features: Dial M For Monkey, The Justice Friends
The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest 1996 1996 Synd.
Cave Kids 1996 1996 Synd.
Johnny Bravo 1997 2003 CN Cartoon Network assumes production 2002
Cow and Chicken 1997 1999 CN Feature: I Am Weasel
The Powerpuff Girls 1998 2014 CN/WB Cartoon Network assumes production 2002
Grim & Evil 1999 2007 CN Cartoon Network assumes production 2002; split off as The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy and Evil Con Carne in 2000
I Am Weasel 1999 1999 CN Originally part of Cow and Chicken; new episodes aired independently
Whatever Happened to Robot Jones? 2000 2001 CN

TV Specials

Name Initial airdate Network Notes
Jack & The Beanstalk 1966 NBC Emmy winner; live action/animated
Alice In Wonderland, or: What's a Nice Kid Like You Doing in a Place Like This? 1967 ABC
Hardcase 1971 ABC live action
The Thanksgiving That Almost Wasn't 1971 Synd.
A Christmas Story 1972 Synd.
Love And The Old Fashioned Father 1972 ABC segment of Love, American Style; pilot for Wait Till Your Father Gets Home
Love And The Private Eye 1972 ABC segment of Love, American Style
The Flintstones On Ice 1973 CBS live action
20,000 Leagues Under The Sea 1973 CBS
The Count Of Monte Cristo 1973 CBS
Last Of The Curlews 1974 ABC Emmy winner
Shootout In A One-Dog Town 1974 ABC live-action
The Runaways 1974 ABC live-action
Cyrano 1974 ABC
The Great Comedy Concert 1974 ABC live/animated
The Flintstones: Big Little League 1976 NBC
The Gathering 1977 ABC Emmy winner; live-action
A Flintstone Christmas 1977 NBC
Roast Of The Superfriends 1978 CBS live-action
The Beasts Are In The Streets 1978 ABC live-action
KISS Meets The Phantom Of The Park 1978 NBC live-action
The Gathering II 1979 ABC Live-action
Yabba Dabba 2 1979 CBS Live-action/animated
Popeye Valentine Special: Sweethearts At Sea 1979 CBS
Legends of the Superheroes 1979 NBC Live action
Casper's Halloween Special 1979 NBC In association with Harvey Comics
Scooby Goes Hollywood 1979 ABC
Casper's First Christmas 1979 NBC In association with Harvey Comics
Gulliver's Travels 1979 CBS
The Flintstones Meet Rockula and Frankenstone 1980 NBC
The Flintstones' New Neighbors 1980 NBC
Yogi's First Christmas 1980 Synd.
Belle Starr 1980 CBS
The Harlem Globetrotters Meet Snow White 1980 NBC
Wind-Up Wilma 1981 NBC
Daniel Boone 1981 CBS
Last Of The Mohicans 1981 CBS
Fred's Final Fling 1981 NBC
Flintstones: Jogging Fever 1981 NBC
The Smurfs Springtime Special 1982 NBC
Yogi Bear's All-Star Comedy Christmas Caper 1982 CBS
Christmas Comes To Pac-Land 1982 ABC
The Smurfs Christmas Special 1982 NBC
My Smurfy Valentine 1983 NBC
The Amazing Bunjee Adventure 1984 ABC
The Smurfic Games 1984 NBC
The Velveteen Rabbit 1985 ABC
Pound Puppies 1985 Syndicated Feature from ABC series
Greatest Stories From The Bible 1985 Direct to video series of 13 features, through 1993
Return Of The Bunjee 1985 ABC
Smurfily Ever After 1985 NBC
'Tis The Season To Be Smurfy 1987 NBC
Rock Odyssey 1987 -- Produced for ABC but did not air
Star Fairies 1985 Synd.
Lucky Luke 1985 Synd.
The Flintstones' 25th Anniversary Celebration 1986 CBS
The Flintstone Kids' "Just Say No" Special 1988 ABC
Hanna-Barbera's 50th Anniversary: A Yabba Dabba Doo Celebration 1989 TNT
The Last Halloween 1991 CBS
A Flintstone Family Christmas 1993 ABC
The Town That Santa Forgot 1993 NBC
Jonny's Golden Quest 1993 TNT
The Halloween Tree 1993 Synd.
I Yabba-Dabba Do! 1993 ABC
Hollyrock-A-Bye Baby 1993 ABC
Dr. Seuss' Daisy Head Mayzie 1995 Synd. Emmy nominee
A Flintstone Christmas Carol 1994 Synd.
SWAT Kats: A Special Report 1994 Synd.
Yogi The Easter Bear 1994 Synd.
Arabian Nights 1994 Synd.
Jonny Quest Vs. The Cyber Insects 1995 TNT
Space Ghost Coast-To-Coast Holiday Special 1995 CN
Dexter's Laboratory: Ego Trip 1999 CN Co-produced with Cartoon Network

Theatrical features

Name Release Notes
Loopy De Loop 1959 Animated short subjects; ran through 1962
Hey, There...It's Yogi Bear! 1964
The Man Called Flintstone 1966
Charlotte's Web 1973
C.H.O.M.P.S. 1979 live-action
Heidi's Song 1982
GoBots: Battle Of The Rock Lords 1986
The Jetsons: The Movie 1992
Once Upon A Forest 1993

Others

Name Release Network Notes
Bewitched 1964 ABC Live action comedy; studio animated opening and ending titles
Air Force Recruiting Film 1974 Not shown on TV; distributed to high schools and colleges
Whew! 1979 CBS Live action game show; studio animated opening titles
Popeye 1980 Theatrical Live action Paramount/Disney feature film; studio animated opening teaser

External Sites