|On January 4, 2015, I will be shutting down the server that hosts The TV IV website. It has been a very long time since I've been able to put any decent amount of time into the site, and ad revenue is plummeting. I think it is time to shut it down or hand it off to someone who can keep it going properly. If you are interested in taking over the site's code and data, contact administrators at tviv.org. --CygnusTMtalk|
Off-network syndication refers to selling old episodes (reruns) of a program to individual television stations, or in some cases a cable network. After a first run show has lasted long enough and become popular enough (typically airing 100 episodes is the standard), its back catalog will be sold, either to a network affiliate or independent station in every market, or to a cable network. An example of this includes ER, where reruns aired on TNT while first-run episodes were still running on NBC.
While the networks generally take most of the profits from first-run episodes, syndication is often very lucrative for those involved with the production of the show (Larry David reportedly sold his share of the syndication rights to Seinfeld for US$200 million).