Audie Murphy

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Audie Murphy
Birth name Audie Leon Murphy
Born June 20, 1924 in Kingston, Texas, USA
Died May 28, 1971 in Roanoke, Virginia, USA from a plane crash
Notable Roles
Notable Episodes
Awards star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

Contents

Biography

Audie Leon Murphy was one of the most famous and decorated American combat soldiers of World War II. He served in the Mediterranean and European Theater of Operations where he was presented the Medal of Honor and several other decorations for heroism in combat including decorations from France and Belgium. Murphy lied about his age to enlist in the military and follow his dream of becoming a soldier. He was only 19 years old when he was awarded the Medal of Honor. Murphy always maintained that the medals belonged to his entire military unit. His post-war stress caused him to sleep with a loaded gun under his pillow, looking for solace in addictive sleeping pills. Murphy drew public attention to what would in later wars be labeled post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The Audie L. Murphy Memorial Veterans Hospital in San Antonio is named for him.

During his post-war civilian life, Murphy enjoyed a 21-year career as an actor. He played himself in the 1955 autobiographical To Hell and Back based on his 1949 memoirs of the same name. Most of his 44 films were Westerns. He made guest appearances on celebrity television shows and starred in the television series Whispering Smith. As a song writer, he penned the successful "Shutters and Boards". He bred quarter horses in California and Arizona, and became a regular participant in horse racing. In the last few years of his life, his film career took a downturn and he found himself plagued with money problems. He remained aware of his role model influence and refused offers for alcohol and cigarette commercials. Murphy died in a plane crash in Virginia in 1971, just 23 days before his 46th birthday. He was interred, with full military honors, in Arlington National Cemetery.

Roles

Starring Roles

Series Role Year(s) Season(s)
Whispering Smith Tom Smith 1961 1

Guest Starring Roles

Series Role Episode Airdate
General Electric Theater Tennessee 6x18 - Incident February 9, 1958